A method that is the most commonly used structure for instructional design to date, the ADDIE model. A go-to process that a lot of designers will use when creating learning today.
It was an initial development by Florida State University. The original structure was used to aid military training. Despite being around for 40 years, it is still the leading elearning methodology of choice. The popularity of this process is purely down to its simple ease of use, flexibility and versatility. It is also cyclical. This means that you are able to correct any errors made in previous iterations, and in doing so improve the quality of the end product.
If you are new to instructional design, or even just haven’t heard of this method before, then this article will get you up to speed. It will introduce you to how you can use this method effectively to create amazing learning.
Getting to know ADDIE.
A – ANALYSIS
In short, ADDIE is an acronym, every letter corresponds to one of the model’s main phases: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation.
So, let’s look at analysis. The more you study the requirements prior to creating a course, the more effective the resulting course will be. The instructional designer will need to analyse all the factors to develop a timely and appropriate course.
Analysis helps you gain a clear understanding of:
- Who the target audience of the learning is and, in addition, what skills or knowledge do they already have? This avoids duplication or redundancy of information.
- Specific goals the client needs achieving in the training – what learning will be solved?
- What are the constraints or barriers of using elearning to deliver this information effectively? In what environment will the elearning be distributed? Are there limitations to access etc.
- Are there any technical requirements? What device a learner will be viewing on? What browser will be used to launch the course and other technical aspects.
- Establish links between learning objectives and real world concepts, ensuring learners retain the maximum amount of information.
D – DESIGN
The second stage to look at is design. The goal of this stage is to create the structure of the course. To plan specific course objectives. Each topic and module that needs to be a feature. What media and resources will be an accompaniment to support the learning. The content of the course and how the course is in evaluation. This is essentially the main bulk of the course development.
In the development stage, the developer will take the outcome of the design stage and assemble the content to create the elearning course. At this stage the course is tested. Performance issues dealt with and, content evaluated.
In this phase, the course is launched, it is made available to the learners identified as required. Function checks carried out. Problems resolved.
Following the implementation phase of the course, evaluation is a necessity to ensure that the learning course has met the needs of the client. Thus, to make sure the content is what the client required.
As a result, the evaluation is of high importance in elearning. Used to ensure the materials are both relevant and correct in delivery.
The ADDIE method conclusion?
So, now you’re up to speed with this method and the processes it ensures you take to create amazing elearning. It is clear that the ADDIE model provides a relatively simple process to follow for both new and current instructional designers. This ensures no crucial information is lost. This is a structure of process that ensures it’s easy to alter regarding specific changes of information. This allows for quick responses and turn around times whilst also providing a consistent form of authoring.
Last but not least, have fun creating your learning courses! Use this method of breakdown and let us know how the ADDIE method works for you.